Semitendinosus Muscle & Pulled Hamstrings
The semitendinosus muscle or hamstring muscle is one of three groups of muscles associated with pulled hamstrings. The semitendinosus is one of three posterior femoral hamstring muscles in the thigh and can cause severe pain if pulled or torn.
The semitendinosus is a very long muscle which is located in the posterior and medial of the thigh and connects the ischium to the proximial of the tibia.
The semitendinosus muscle is often noted for its remarkable length and its long tendon. It enables flexing of the leg, extending of the thigh, and medial rotation after flexing takes place.
- Biceps femoris muscle
- Semimembranosus muscle
- Semitendinosus muscle
Each muscle plays a part in enabling flexing and movement in the leg and thigh a tear of the semimembranosus muscle can inhibit flexing or movement of the muscle.
Strained Or Stretched Fibers
A straining of the semitendinosus muscle or other hamstring muscles, also known as a pulled hamstring can happen after an excessive tear or stretching of the muscle fibers in the semitendinosus muscle or any muscles in the hamstring group.
If you've pulled or torn a semitendinosus muscle or any of the hamstring muscles you will most certainly know it. There are three types or grades of torn or pulled hamstring muscles. Each type is more severe than the one before it.
If you've torn or pulled your semitendinosus muscle, or any of the hamstring muscles you will feel a cramp or tightness and some semitendinosus pain in one or all of the hamstring muscles when they are in use or contracted. Grade one muscle tear is the least severe.
With grade two pulled semitendinosus or hamstring muscles the semitendinosus pain is more severe and immediate than grade one. There is also pain when the hamstring muscles are contracted.
Grade three pulled semitendinosus or hamstring muscles is far more severe than either of the first two. With this type of pulled semitendinosus or hamstring muscle, a stab or burning sensation may permeate the hamstring muscles and it may not be possible to walk on the affected leg without feeling sharp pain.
With grade three semitendinosus tear, the severely pulled hamstring muscles have been torn through, sometimes leaving a lump of torn muscles.
How To Treat
RICE protocol is the best way to treat torn semitendinosus or hamstring muscles. RICE means - Compression with a bandage to avoid the muscle location from swelling, and keep the affected limb elevated.
Grade one semitendinosus tear can take up to 3 weeks to heal, grade 2 can take from 4 to 6 weeks. Grade 3, or complete tears of the semitendinosus or hamstring muscles may require surgery to repair and the pain it causes is severe.